Ar-Ra’d 13:11


لَهُ مُعَقِّبَاتٌ مِّن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ يَحْفَظُونَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ ۗ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ سُوءًا فَلَا مَرَدَّ لَهُ ۚ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَالٍ

Sahih International

For each one are successive [angels] before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah . Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when Allah intends for a people ill, there is no repelling it. And there is not for them besides Him any patron.


তাঁর পক্ষ থেকে অনুসরণকারী রয়েছে তাদের অগ্রে এবং পশ্চাতে, আল্লাহর নির্দেশে তারা ওদের হেফাযত করে। আল্লাহ কোন জাতির অবস্থা পরিবর্তন করেন না, যে পর্যন্ত না তারা তাদের নিজেদের অবস্থা পরিবর্তন করে। আল্লাহ যখন কোন জাতির উপর বিপদ চান, তখন তা রদ হওয়ার নয় এবং তিনি ব্যতীত তাদের কোন সাহায্যকারী নেই।

My Comments and Understanding:

I give importance to 2 Tafsir mostly.

No. 1 is Tafsir Ibne Katheer because in it is mostly statement from Hadith rarely his own understanding.

No. 2 Tafsir Ibne Abbas because he (Radi Allahu Anhu) is regarded as the one who understands the Quran Most.

So, the tafsir of this Ayah baffled me when I found the following statement about the act of those malaikah. SubhanAllah. I will InShaaAllah dig about this statement more. If this statement is true then it shows, SubhanAllah how vulnerable Allah made people, they think they are doing things themselves but it is actually according to their INTENTION Allah drive them through these Angels. This statement to me is the most scarey statement about our destiny. Qadr.

Tafsir Ibne Abbas:

About the guarding malaikah

(For him are angels ranged before him) He has angels who succeed one another: the angels of the night succeed the angels of the day and vice versa (and behind him who guard him by Allah’s command) “and who drive him to the things destined.”