Umar bin Khattab-We JUGE people

But then how about this Hadith? How we reconcile this with this Hadith from Sahih Muslim?

“a person performs deeds like the deeds of the people of Paradise apparently before people and he would be amongst the dwellers of Hell

and a person acts apparently like the people of Hell, but (in fact) he would be among the dwellers of Paradise.”

Simple. Still, we judge a person for what is apparent, as per our knowledge about that person. It is not our job to judge his inner-self or his status with Allah on the day of Judgement. And Allah knows best.

For example, Can we say about a Muslim, “This person is in Fire?

No! But what we can say is that a particular act is the act of the people of the fire or that act was meant for fire as per the statement/warning/descriptions in Quran and Sahih Hadith.

But as for Mushrik and Kafir, a Muslim can clearly say that they are in Jahannam as because Allah Subhanahu testifies that Mu’min has the clear knowledge about them that Mushrikun are in fire (Quran 9:113)

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(1) بَاب كَيْفِيَّةِ خَلْقِ الْآدَمِيِّ فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ وَكِتَابَةِ رِزْقِهِ وَأَجَلِهِ وَعَمَلِهِ وَشَقَاوَتِهِ وَسَعَادَتِهِ

Sahl b. Sa’d reported it from Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) that:

a person performs deeds like the deeds of the people of Paradise apparently before people and he would be amongst the dwellers of Hell

and a person acts apparently like the people of Hell, but (in fact) he would be among the dwellers of Paradise.

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْقَارِيَّ – عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَعْمَلُ عَمَلَ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ فِيمَا يَبْدُو لِلنَّاسِ وَهُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ ‏.‏ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَعْمَلُ عَمَلَ أَهْلِ النَّارِ فِيمَا يَبْدُو لِلنَّاسِ وَهُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

Reference  : Sahih Muslim 112 b
In-book reference  : Book 46, Hadith 19
USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 33, Hadith 6408
  (deprecated numbering scheme)
46 The Book of Destiny
(1) Chapter: How The Human Being Is Created, In His Mother’s Womb, And His Provision, Lifespan And Deeds Are Written Down, And His Misery and Happiness